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Numerical study of rolling process on the plastic strain distribution in wire + arc additive manufactured Ti-6Al-4V

EasyChair Preprint no. 705

6 pagesDate: December 28, 2018


Wire + arc additive manufacturing (WAAM) employs wire as the feedstock and an arc as the energy source, to construct near net-shape components at high build rates. Ti-6Al-4V deposits typically form large columnar prior β grains that can grow through the entire component height, leading to a anisotropic and lower mechanical properties compared to the equivalent wrought alloy.

Rolling is a cold-working technique that was initially used to reduce residual stresses in Ti-6Al-4V WAAM parts, however it is now used to promote grain refinement, thus increasing strength and reducing anisotropy concomitantly. It has been shown experimentally that the minimum value of the required plastic strain to refine Ti-6Al-4V is approximately 10 % or larger. The aim of this paper is to understand the effect of rolling process parameters on the plastic deformation characteristics in WAAM structures to refine the microstructure; this is needed to produce suitable design guidelines for practical applications. The effect of different rolling process parameters, in particular, rolling load, roller profile radius on the plastic strain distribution is investigated based on the finite element method. Additionally, the effect of friction coefficient between roller and wall, as well as the modelling for the roller (e.g. deformable vs rigid roller) are investigated. Initial results show that the plastic strain distributions are insensitive to the initial stress state. For an identical rolling load, the deformable roller produces lower equivalent plastic strain. Lower friction coefficient produces higher equivalent plastic strain near the top surface but, it has an insignificant effect in the depth. However, higher friction coefficient increases the simulation time by factor two. Although larger roller profile radii lead to higher compressive residual stresses, it has nearly no noticeable effect on the depth of compressive residual stresses.

Keyphrases: Cold working, Equivalent Plastic Strain, finite element method, longitudinal stress, profiled rolling

BibTeX entry
BibTeX does not have the right entry for preprints. This is a hack for producing the correct reference:
  author = {Masoud Abbaszadeh and Jan Hönnige and Filomeno Martina and Nikolai Kashaev and Stewart Williams and Benjamin Klusemann},
  title = {Numerical study of rolling process on the plastic strain distribution in wire + arc additive manufactured Ti-6Al-4V},
  howpublished = {EasyChair Preprint no. 705},
  doi = {10.29007/3fr3},
  year = {EasyChair, 2018}}
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