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Secure Data Collection Using Autonomous Unmanned Aerial Vehicles

EasyChair Preprint no. 3348

38 pagesDate: May 8, 2020


In recent years, Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) also commonly referred as drones have become a practical solution for data collection in both academic and commercial fields. The use of drones can allow users to collect data without disrupting the environment and keep safe from dangerous areas such as: military operations and surveillance in locations where maneuverability is difficult. The data collected by these UAVs may contain sensitive information, leading to an increased value on the security of that data. Without proper security services, information may be used in unforeseen, or even malicious ways, such as planting false information or leaking particularly sensitive data. In this paper we introduce a secure data collection method from wireless sensor nodes using an autonomous UAV. We built a sensor node with multiple sensors designed to collect data for rainfall, temperature, humidity, ultra violet index, and soil moisture. Along with another sensor node with sensors used to collect data from water, we created a Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) where the sensor data was collected using an UAV. The sensor nodes collected environmental data through several sensors which are securely stored in the sensor node itself. The collected data was then transferred securely to a central node mounted on a UAV, which was loaded with a predetermined flight path via Mission Planner to perform the autonomous flight. Aside from previous environmental focus, technical improvements were made such as adding a solar battery to the sensor node and implementing energy efficiency in the nodes’ systems while the drone collected data autonomously during a predetermined flight path. This project served as a proof-of-concept that communication with a wireless sensor node has the capability to be deployed for data collection in remote areas efficiently and effectively while maintaining a low power and energy consumption.

Keyphrases: Autonomous, Cryptography, Drone

BibTeX entry
BibTeX does not have the right entry for preprints. This is a hack for producing the correct reference:
  author = {John Bowman and Jordan Brooks and Chandler Lopez and Anaseli Marcos-Martinez},
  title = {Secure Data Collection Using Autonomous Unmanned Aerial Vehicles},
  howpublished = {EasyChair Preprint no. 3348},

  year = {EasyChair, 2020}}
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