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The Effect of Coronal and Axial Femoral Component Rotation on Midflexion Laxity and Patient Reported Outcomes in Total Knee Arthroplasty

4 pagesPublished: September 26, 2020

Abstract

Joint balance in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) has traditionally focused on achieving a tight symmetric extension gap and rectangular or trapezoidal gaps in flexion. This study sought to investigate the effect of femoral and tibial coronal rotation and femoral axial rotation on midflexion coronal joint balance and patient outcomes.
A prospective multi-center study was performed with a mixture of tibia-first gap-balancing and femur-first approaches were performed using the Corin OMNIBotics robot-assisted TKA platform with APEX implant components. Coronal and axial femoral and tibial resections were recorded by the platform. Medial and lateral joint gaps were recorded while applying a computer-controlled load to the joint throughout flexion during trialing using the Corin BalanceBot device. In addition, 1-year Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) and PROMIS-10 global health scores were collected.
231 surgeries were identified: 66.9±8.1 years, 31.4±4.8 kg/m2 and 57% female (121) with a mean pre-operative HKA angle of 4.5±5.2° varus. A significant correlation was found between the medio-lateral (ML) joint gap difference in midflexion and both extension and flexion joint line (p=0.003, r2=-0.20, p=0.001, r2=-0.22, respectively). A significant correlation was found between midflexion ML imbalance and KOOS stiffness questions at 3 M and 6 M post-op (r2=-0.15, p=0.036, r2=-0.18, p=0.013), in which a more balanced knee correlated with improved outcomes.
Treating flexion and extension joint balance in isolation may not capture the effect on midflexion laxity. Component placement should take in to account the effect on joint gaps throughout flexion to target optimal joint balance.

Keyphrases: Component alignment, Midflexion Balance, outcomes, Total knee arthroplasty

In: Ferdinando Rodriguez Y Baena and Fabio Tatti (editors). CAOS 2020. The 20th Annual Meeting of the International Society for Computer Assisted Orthopaedic Surgery, vol 4, pages 293--296

Links:
BibTeX entry
@inproceedings{CAOS2020:Effect_of_Coronal_and,
  author    = {Edgar Wakelin and Sami Shalhoub and Jeffrey Lawrence and John Keggi and Amber Randall and Corey Ponder and Jeffrey DeClaire and Jan Koenig and Christopher Plakos},
  title     = {The Effect of Coronal and Axial Femoral Component Rotation on Midflexion Laxity and Patient Reported Outcomes in Total Knee Arthroplasty},
  booktitle = {CAOS 2020. The 20th Annual Meeting of the International Society for Computer Assisted Orthopaedic Surgery},
  editor    = {Ferdinando Rodriguez Y Baena and Fabio Tatti},
  series    = {EPiC Series in Health Sciences},
  volume    = {4},
  pages     = {293--296},
  year      = {2020},
  publisher = {EasyChair},
  bibsource = {EasyChair, https://easychair.org},
  issn      = {2398-5305},
  url       = {https://easychair.org/publications/paper/55Pv},
  doi       = {10.29007/km58}}
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