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Accuracy of Soft Tissue Balancing in Robotic-Assisted Measured-Resection TKA Using a Robotic Distraction Tool

5 pagesPublished: October 27, 2019

Abstract

Achieving proper soft tissue balance during total knee arthroplasty (TKA) can reduce post- operative instability and stiffness as well as improve patient reported outcomes. The objective of this study was to compare final intra-operative coronal balance throughout the knee range of motion in navigated robotic-assisted TKA when performed with quantifiable feedback from a robotic ligament tensioning tool versus with standard trials and navigation measurements alone.
The study included a prospective cohort of 52 patients undergoing robotic-assisted TKA using a measured resection technique. The cohort was divided into two sequential groups: a non-sensor-assisted group (n=25) and a subsequent sensor-assisted group (n=27). Once bony cuts and soft tissue balancing was performed in the non-sensor cohort, the final tibiofemoral gaps were measured throughout the knee range of motion using a robotic-assisted tensioner with the surgeon blinded to the measurements. For the sensor cohort, the surgeon preformed soft-tissue releases or re-cuts in order to balance the knee using the gap measurement data from the robotic tensioner. The robotic-assisted tensioner was then used to measure the final medial and lateral gap measurements.
The average mediolateral gap difference throughout the range of flexion was 1.9 ± 0.7 mm with maximum difference of 7.8 mm for the non-sensor cohort. The sensor cohort had an average mediolateral difference of 1.5 ± 0.6 mm and a maximum difference of 3.8 mm. The difference between the two groups was statistically significant from 60 to 90 degrees of flexion. 38-41% of knees were balanced to within 1 mm mediolaterally in the non-sensor group compared to 48-70% for the sensor group when measured at various flexion angles. 65-76% of knees were balanced to within 2 mm for the non-sensor group compared to 78-86% for the sensor-assisted group. The number of knees requiring subsequent soft tissue releases was similar in each group. Soft tissue balancing with the aid of a robotic tensioning tool resulted in significantly more accurate soft tissue balance than when using navigation measurements and standard trials alone in this single surgeon study.

Keyphrases: Arthoplasty, Gap balance, Robotic

In: Patrick Meere and Ferdinando Rodriguez Y Baena (editors). CAOS 2019. The 19th Annual Meeting of the International Society for Computer Assisted Orthopaedic Surgery, vol 3, pages 210--214

Links:
BibTeX entry
@inproceedings{CAOS2019:Accuracy_of_Soft_Tissue,
  author    = {Jan Koenig and Sami Shalhoub and Eric Chen and Christopher Plaskos},
  title     = {Accuracy of Soft Tissue Balancing in Robotic-Assisted Measured-Resection TKA Using a Robotic Distraction Tool},
  booktitle = {CAOS 2019. The 19th Annual Meeting of the International Society for Computer Assisted Orthopaedic Surgery},
  editor    = {Patrick Meere and Ferdinando Rodriguez Y Baena},
  series    = {EPiC Series in Health Sciences},
  volume    = {3},
  pages     = {210--214},
  year      = {2019},
  publisher = {EasyChair},
  bibsource = {EasyChair, https://easychair.org},
  issn      = {2398-5305},
  url       = {https://easychair.org/publications/paper/Gkmf},
  doi       = {10.29007/h8kn}}
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