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08:45-10:15 Session 44: FLoC Plenary Talk (joint with 9 other meetings)
Location: FH, Hörsaal 1
FLoC Plenary Talk: From Reachability to Temporal Specifications in Game Theory

ABSTRACT. Multi-agents games are extensively used for modelling settings in which different entities share resources. For example, the setting in which entities need to route messages in a network is modelled by network-formation games: the network is modelled by a graph, and each agent has to select a path satisfying his reachability objective. In practice, the objectives of the entities are often more involved than reachability. The need to specify and reason about rich specifications has been extensively studied in the context of verification and synthesis of reactive systems. The talk describes a lifting of ideas from formal methods to multi-agent games. For example, in network-formation games with regular objectives, the edges of the graph are labeled by alphabet letters and the objective of each player is a regular language over the alphabet of labels. Thus, beyond reachability, a player may restrict attention to paths that satisfy certain properties, referring, for example, to the providers of the traversed edges, the actions associated with them, their quality of service, security, etc.

The talk assumes no previous knowledge in game theory. We will introduce the basic concepts and problems, describe how their extension to games with more expressive specification of objectives poses new challenges, and study the resulting games.

Joint work with Guy Avni and Tami Tamir.

10:15-10:45Coffee Break
10:45-13:00 Session 47C
Location: FH, Hörsaal 8
A Formal Library for Elliptic Curves in the Coq Proof Assistant
SPEAKER: unknown

ABSTRACT. A preliminary step towards the verification of elliptic curve cryptographic algorithms is the development of formal libraries with the corresponding mathematical theory.

In this paper we present a formalization of elliptic curves' theory, in the SSReflect extension of the Coq proof assistant.

Our central contribution is a library containing many of the objects and core properties related to elliptic curve theory.

We demonstrate the applicability of our library by formally proving a non-trivial property of elliptic curves: the existence of an isomorphism between a curve and its Picard group of divisors.

A Verified Generate-Test-Aggregate Coq Library for Parallel Programs Extraction
SPEAKER: unknown

ABSTRACT. The integration of the generate-and-test paradigm and semi-rings for the aggregation of results provides a parallel programming framework for large scale data-intensive applications. The so-called GTA framework allows a user to define an inefficient specification of his/her problem as a composition of a generator of all the candidate solutions, a tester of valid solutions, and an aggregator to combine the solutions. Through two calculation theorems a GTA specification is transformed into a divide-and-conquer efficient program that can be efficiently implemented in parallel. In this paper we present a verified implementation of this framework in the Coq proof assistant: efficient bulk synchronous parallel functional programs can be extracted from naive GTA specifications. We show how to apply this framework on an example, including performance experiments on parallel machines.

Verified Efficient Implementation of Gabow's Strongly Connected Component Algorithm
SPEAKER: Peter Lammich

ABSTRACT. We present an Isabelle/HOL formalization of Gabow's algorithm for finding the strongly connected components of a directed graph. Using data refinement techniques, we extract efficient code that performs comparable to a reference implementation in Java. Our style of formalization allows for re-using large parts of the proofs when defining variants of the algorithm. We demonstrate this by verifying an algorithm for the emptiness check of generalized Buchi automata, re-using most of the existing proofs.

Cardinals in Isabelle/HOL

ABSTRACT. We report on a formalization of ordinals and cardinals in Isabelle/HOL. A main challenge we faced was the inability of higher-order logic to represent ordinals canonically, as transitive sets (as done in set theory). We resolved this into a “decentralized” representation identifying ordinals with wellorders, with all concepts and results proved to be invariant under order isomorphism. We also discuss several applications of this general theory in formal developments.

HOL Constant Definitions Done Right
SPEAKER: Rob Arthan

ABSTRACT. This note gives a proposal for a simpler and more powerful replacement for the mechanisms currently provided in the various HOL implementation for defining new constants.

13:00-14:30Lunch Break
14:30-16:00 Session 50C: Invited Talk
Location: FH, Hörsaal 8
Balancing lists: a proof pearl

ABSTRACT. Starting with an algorithm to turn lists into full trees which uses non-obvious invariants and partial functions, we progressively encode the invariants in the types of the data, removing most of the burden of a correctness proof.

The invariants are encoded using non-uniform inductive types which parallel numerical representations in a style advertised by Okasaki, and a small amount of dependent types.

Invited talk: Are We There Yet? 20 Years of Industrial Theorem Proving with SPARK
SPEAKER: unknown
16:00-16:30Coffee Break
16:30-18:00 Session 52B: User Interfaces
Location: FH, Hörsaal 8
An Isabelle Proof Method Language

ABSTRACT. Machine-checked proofs are becoming ever-larger, presenting an increasing maintenance challenge. Isabelle’s most popular language interface, Isar, is attractive for new users, and powerful in the hands of experts, but has previously lacked a means to write automated proof procedures. This can lead to more duplication in large proofs than is acceptable. In this paper we present IsaTac, a proof method language for Isabelle, which aims to fill this gap by incorporating Isar language elements, thus making it accessible to existing users. We describe the language and the design principles on which it was developed. We evaluate its effectiveness by implementing some tactics widely-used in the seL4 verification stack, and report on its strengths and limitations.

Asynchronous User Interaction and Tool Integration in Isabelle/PIDE

ABSTRACT. Historically, the LCF tradition of interactive theorem proving was tied to the read-eval-print loop, with sequential and synchronous evaluation of prover commands given on the command-line. This user-interface technology was adequate when R. Milner introduced his LCF proof assistant in the 1970-ies, but it severely limits the potential of current multicore hardware and advanced IDE front-ends.

Isabelle/PIDE breaks this loop and retrofits the read-eval-print phases into an asynchronous model of document-oriented proof processing. Instead of feeding a sequence of individual commands into the prover process, the primary interface works via edits over a family of document versions. Execution is implicit and managed by the prover on its own account in a timeless and stateless manner. Various aspects of interactive proof checking are scheduled according to requirements determined by the front-end perspective on the proof document, while making adequate use of the CPU resources on multicore hardware on the back-end.

Recent refinements of Isabelle/PIDE provide an explicit concept of asynchronous print functions over existing proof states. This allows to integrate long-running or potentially non-terminating tools into the document-model. Applications range from traditional proof state output (which may consume substantial time in interactive development) to automated provers and dis-provers that report on existing proof document content (e.g. Sledgehammer, Nitpick, Quickcheck in Isabelle/HOL). Moreover, it is possible to integrate query operations via additional GUI panels with separate input and output (e.g. for Sledgehammer or find-theorems). Thus the Prover IDE provides continuous proof processing, augmented by add-on tools that help the user to continue writing proofs.

Collaborative Interactive Theorem Proving with Clide
SPEAKER: Martin Ring

ABSTRACT. This paper introduces Clide, a collaborative web interface for the Isabelle theorem prover. The interface allows a document-oriented interaction with Isabelle very much like Isabelle's desktop interface. Moreover, it allows users to jointly edit Isabelle proof scripts over the web; editing operations are synchronised to all users who have opened the proof script.

The paper describes motivation, user experience, implementation and system architecture of Clide. The implementation is based on the theory of operational transformations; its key concepts have been formalised in Isabelle, its correctness proven and critical parts of the implementation on the server are generated from the formalisation, thus increasing confidence in the system.

19:00-20:00 Session 56A: VSL Public Lecture 1
Location: MB, Kuppelsaal
VSL Public Lecture: Gödel in Vienna
SPEAKER: Karl Sigmund